The Clone Technology

Essay by dadumaoUniversity, Bachelor'sC+, March 2010

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The clone technology

This is a technology explosion era, technology is such an amazing thing that could make impossible things become possible. With the emergence of technology, it has penetrate into our everyday life, people receive lots of benefits from modern technology in everyday life, modern technology has solved many problems that people face and play an important role in the development of human beings. It has brought us benefits, but disadvantages at the same time. Clone technology is such an ambivalent technique, which refers specifically to the production of genetically identical individuals via somatic cell nucleus transfer (American Medical Association, 2008). It is the process of creating an identical copy of an original, different from the natural propagate, cloning is an asexual reproduction.

The clone history could be traced back to 400 million years BC, the plants have the ability to clone themselves and worms could clone themselves when they are cut up, those are natural clone.

Human got inspiration from those and they firstly found the cloning about 200 years ago, in the 1800s, a man named Gregor Johonn Mendel established the basic laws of heredity (Kean & Stepto, n.d). This was one of the most important steps that made cloning possible. Then in the 1880s, Weissman stated that the genetic information of a cell diminishes with every cell. Since then many developments have been made in this field. Hans Spearman performed the first nuclear transfer in 1928. The discovery of the structure of DNA by Watson and Crick in 1953 was a major breakthrough in the history of cloning (Waite, n.d). Cloning started with frogs and toads back into the 1970s. Experiments have been long performed with plants and animal embryos. Until 1997, a fully grown mammal-a lamb named Dolly was firstly successfully cloned by a Scottish...