A Look at the Affects of the Cruise Industry on Economics, Environment and Society.

Essay by mm03vbUniversity, Bachelor'sB+, April 2010

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The cruise ship industry has been the fastest growing sub-sector in the travel industry. Since 1980 the average annual development increase in the quantity of cruise passengers worldwide has been 8.4% (Zapata-Aguirre & Gabriel Brida, 2009). The first form of a cruise ship was dedicated to passenger sailing across the Atlantic Ocean in 1818, from then on ocean liners were built in the early 1900's to transport immigrants, wealthy travelers and tourists (i.e. approximately one million were crossing the Atlantic in 1929) (Grosbois, Lecture 15, 2010). World war two caused a drop in tourism due to the great depression, but then around the 1950's cruise line industry boosted, but still fell short to the preferred overseas travel of aircrafts (Cruise Industry history, 2010). Most ships that occupied the waters were steamships, and mostly used for second and third class passengers, where accommodations were bleak compared to first class. There was a large usage of ships through this era but it came to an end in the 1960's when Boeing (Commercial Airplane Company) started selling numerous new aircrafts (Cruise industry history, 2010).

In the 1970's the concept of cruise ships were brought back to life all because of the "The Love Boat", a luxurious ship dedicated to the growing trend of vacationing, rather than the means to use cruise ships just as a transportation device. With the luxuries of cruise ships becoming well known, the ships were then being built larger than ever to accommodate the views, pools, casinos, entertainment, spas, and leisure activities (Cruise industry history, 2010). Between to 1980's and 2004 the North American industry alone expanded from 1.4 million to 12 million passengers (Grosbois, Lecture 15, 2010). As time has progressed into the twentieth century the construction of cruise ships have been changing to help improve their energy...